Jin-ning around with the segmental topple

Jin and the Segmental topple
Ground path (Jin) enables us to draw on the infinite power of the earth. Only through good structure (aikibody) can be do this as well as to augment it through the tempory storage and release of it.
Effective use of ground power to topple (throw or pin) is the goal. This has been looked at where ule is considered as a single unit block in the first instance. However it is imperfect in its simplicity.
Throwing then is a battle of ground path between to partners. The goal of aiki is to join the ground path from the gorund reaction force to our extended limb and then to make aiki (through grounding, winding, reeling, piping etc…) with our partner and extend the ground path into them segment by segment.
The diagramme shows the ground path (in blue) which extends to the point of contact(dotted blue) The ground path (in green ) is connected at each segment (O) to the point of contact, then segmentally it is extended into Uke segment by segment ((i)- (v)) by toppling each of these joint segments.
Thus by extending Ki we truly make harmony (Aiki) with out partner is a quasi dynamic environment using the skills of Jin and Aikido body (Internal strength) to apply biomechanics (the topple) as a force minimisation process. Examples of this about through our aikido kata

  6 comments for “Jin-ning around with the segmental topple

  1. Mon 2 Jun 2014 at 10:17 pm

    Hi Dan

    In recent months I’ve been giving the traditional Aikido concept of ground path some thought and experimentation in the context of Aikido Yuishinkai and I am beginning to think that there may be an alternate theory worthy consideration.

    As you know, in Aikido Yuishinkai the idea is that before contact occurs the nage ,standing in a heaven-man-earth posture, sinks their energy through their lower torso and ankles into the earth. The nage moves from this sunk position in a horizontal plain in the direction of the uke’s centre – the tunden ball in effect is moving horizontal as if on a pane of glass.

    The combined effect of the sinking and moving based on a vertical then horizontal plane feels to me like the energy is going through my feet, into the earth and then back into the uke through their feet, ankles and ultimately through their centre such that it uplifts it and unbalances the uke upwards. At this point the nage’s centre and hands operate as one and this completes the topple downward . I should add that all the way through this finishing part of the technique the nage continues to drain their energy from their centre down down through the ground. The ultimate aim is for the uke to feel like they have been hit with a “wall of feathers”.

    If this approach to Aikido technique is correct, arguably greater Aiki is achieved because there is “no battle of ground path” between the nage and uke. The nage is instead using whatever energy is provided by the attacker, feeding it into the nage’s own downward energy through the ground and giving it back to the uke through the uke’s feet, torso etc and ultimately uprooting the uke centre. in essence the uke is the author of their own demise.

    What is interesting is what happens if the attacker and nage both use sinking, heaven-man -earth, Aiki cross etc in their respective roles. All things being equal, the success of the outcome of the technique inevitably depends on whether the nage has less lines of tension in their body than the uke (i.e. whoever is the most relaxed).

    This is just a theory. However, increasingly I’m thinking it has merit the more I explore and appreciate the internal aspects of Maruyama’s Sensei’s Aikido.

  2. Tue 3 Jun 2014 at 10:16 am

    Hi Ian,
    The post is a baby steps *cough* analysis, looking at static, or quasi static interaction. Extending it to movement and visualisation of what happens as a way to cognitively and kinaesthetically process what is going on can fit many paradigms. We chatted on Sunday a bit how you can work with ‘heavy hands’ or be a ‘ghost’ under movement. So much to explore and we have brilliant framework in our Yuishinkai school to do so.

  3. Sat 7 Jun 2014 at 9:41 am

    Here’s some food for thought from Dan Harden, posted on Aikiweb:

    “The answer is not to extend through anyone. I don’t project ki like that. I keep it balanced in me. Therefore I release no energy.
    I make no connection-to anyone.
    I do not expose or share my center with anyone
    They have no access to it.”

    Just remember that any connection you make is a two way affair – would connecting with Sokaku Takeda or Morihei Ueshiba be a good strategy?


    • Tue 10 Jun 2014 at 9:41 am

      Hi Chris,
      Thanks for the reply…as i chew over the six harmonies I’m coming around to the idea that what happens in biomechanics sense is a consequence of the six harmonies, rather than a deliberate ‘do this to another person’ as i chew it over cognitively. Some exposure to Gleason sensei’s aiki seems to be helping

      best and thanks for feedback

      • Tue 10 Jun 2014 at 10:38 am

        Bill and I were talking about this very thing just the other day – he doesn’t completely agree, I think. For me, I’m thinking that it’s at least partially perception, and how one’s own perception affects what you’re doing and the results of what you’re doing.

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